Ancient Electricity 
Part Two
The Enigma at Dendera
Temple of Hathor at Dendera
Was the Temple of Hathor in Dendera really a power utility or perhaps a research laboritory? In this section we are going to explore some strange markings that have puzzled researcher for decades. Just eaxactly what these images portray is unknowm, however we shall present evidence and leave the readers to make up their own mind. Without actually having such a device on hand, it is impposible to offer proof, but we can show proof that the idea works. As with the Baghdad Battery on the previous page, {an artifact that DOES exist in multiple examples}, the fact that it works is a very good argument for its existance. This image has been referred to in popular discussions as the "Dendera Lightbulb"
Temple of Hathor in Dendera
Temple of Hathor before it became a tourist site
This building has no statues or figures of Gods all over it , so it leads one to conclude that it had other uses. Though archeologist seem to indicate that everything in ancient times revolved around religion in some form or other, it seems more likely that some buildings, {other than housing} served other functions.


The Temple of Hathor at Dendera contains a number of small crypts along the eastern, southern, and western sides. These crypts are thought to have served as warehouses or treasuries for ritual furnishings, sacred and ceremonial equipment, and divine images used in celebrating various feasts and holidays. The crypts are small and it is likely that few served as locations for formal rituals. Many have plain, undecorated walls, but some have walls of limestone, rather than the sandstone of the temple itself, that are covered with carefully carved reliefs

At the southern end of the temple there are five subterranean crypts aligned along a straight hallway. It was in these small rooms that the most valuable of the temple statues and objects were kept, including two gilt statues of Hathor decorated with precious stones. The statues have long since vanished, but they are described in the text: one was "the height of one cubit, three palms and two fingers." François Daumas wrote:

    But most prestigious of the statues was that of the ba of Hathor. According to the texts written on the walls, we know that the kiosk consisted of a gold base surmounted by a gold roof supported by four gold posts, covered on all four sides by linen curtains hung from copper rods. Inside was placed the gold statuette representing a bird with a human head capped with a horned disc. This was Hathor, Lady of Dendara, residing in her house... It was certainly this statuette that was carried in the kiosk on the evening of the New Year. [Dendara et le Temple d'Hathor, 1969, p. 60; my own translation.]
It is in the easternmost of these five crypts that the strange reliefs are found...


Editors Note: Its interesting that the above description calls the building a storeroom, yet still calls the actual rooms crypts.

Modern Electric Power Building 
Niagara Falls, NY
The Lightbulbs of Dendera
Beneath the Temple of Hathor at Dendera there is a crypt with walls inscribed with some very strange reliefs. Krassa and Habeck describe the site in their book "Light for the Pharaoh":
    The walls are decorated with human figures next to bulb-like objects reminiscent of oversized light bulbs. Inside these "bulbs" there are snakes in wavy lines. The snakes' pointed tails issue from a lotus flower, which, without much imagination, can be interpreted as the socket of the bulb. Something similar to a wire leads to a small box on which the air god is kneeling. Adjacent to it stands a two-armed djed pillar as a symbol of power, which is connected to the snake. Also remarkable is the baboon-like demon holding two knives in his hands, which are interpreted as a protective and defensive power.


Light of the Pharaohs
Electric Lights in Egypt?

© Photo copyright Larry Orcutt
©1998-2006 Frank Dörnenburg
A Picture from the Crypts of Dendera

It is a widespread belief in alternative science that our forefathers possessed a much greater technological knowledge than our schoolbook science is willing to accept. Many of those theories are lacking serious foundation and are often based on overdrawn speculations, like the Manna machine I discussed before.
But the theory that electricity was known and used in antiquity seems to rest on a much more stable foundation.

The key to the whole theory lies a few hundred kilometers east of Egypt, in today's Iraq. There some strange pots were found. Some contained watertight copper cylinders, glued into the opening with asphalt. In the middle of the cylinder was an iron rod, held in place also with asphalt. The excavator who found the first of these pots in 1936 was sure: this is a galvanic element, a primitive battery. Reconstructions did indeed show that it was possible to create electricity with it. {See Baghdad Battery}

©1998-2006 Frank Dörnenburg
Another Picture from the Crypts of Dendera

Hathor-Temple in Dendera

In this temple in Dendera, several dozens of kilometers north of Luxor, some experts found the light. A Norwegian electrical engineer noticed that the object shown on the relief on top of this page coud work as a lamp. An Austrian colleague was able to construct a working model, and two well known authors in the AAS, Peter Krassa and Rainer Habeck, could even work out a real theory based on it.
What we see is without question a form of bulb, with two arms reaching into it near its thick end, and a sort of cable at the other end, from where a snake is leaping out to touch the arms on the other side. The whole ensemble really looks like a lamp. 


Editors Note: Frank Dörnenburg does not believe that the images portrayed are actually light bulbs, however his article is extremely well written and provides actual details of someone who visited the site. He makes several interesting points for consideration, especially about the "absence of soot argument". Take the time to read his articles as well and decide for yourself. 

Our view is that the presence or absence of soot is irrelevant. That oil lamps can burn soot free is true, as we have used such lamps ourselves in recreation of Medieval times...That there are signs of soot in some buildings simply means that later generations of looters and explorers used torches to find their way...In either case the fact that Egyptians had smokeless oil lamps does not deter from the "alternate tech" theory at all.  It only assumes that "lightbulbs" is what they were intended for. Erik von Danekin proved that they can work, yet give off very little light. Perhaps the purpose was something else entirely. This is the theory we are working on.

Translation of the Text
Complete text of the south wall:

Bandeau de la frise:
Resomtus is alive with gloss in the sky (and) lives at the day of the New Year celebration. 
He lights up in its house in the night of the child in his nest, by donating the light to the country from the birth bricks. The sky is jubilant, the earth is pleased and the God chapels is glad, when he appears in his chamber in his procession barge at his beautiful celebration of the New Year. The God with his disk has come to see him. Nehebkau gives him reputation, and the goddess with her disk, with godly body, rejuvenates him in his sanctuary.
Tchnt tpjt jnr  is content because of her majesty. She praises Re because of him with praise for his Ka, with wine from schfjt and meat bits on the altar before him.
The "land-of-Atum" is prepared with his most distinguished plan, as Hu and Sia are subordinated to him. He may protect the son of Re, forever. 

Relief From Inside of the Temple of Hathor at Dendera
Detail of above Relief - Temple of Hathor at Dendera
Serpent God in Boat - Temple of Hathor in Dendera

The Science Fiction Connection

"The splendid but enigmatic reliefs of the crypt are cosmogonical and depict the serpent (dualizing principle underlying all creation: In Genesis the separation of heaven and earth) borne aloft by the lotus, the symbol of creation as a manifestation of consciousness."
- John Anthony West

{From West's The Traveler's Key to Ancient Egypt, page 402.}

 Harsamtawy, son of Hathor, here takes the form of a serpent (he also appears as a hawk). It was "in this form," wrote Budge, that "Horus was believed to have sprung into existence out of a lotus flower which blossomed in the heavenly abyss of Nu at dawn at the beginning of the year."

{From "The Gods of the Egyptians: Studies in Egyptian Mythology, Vol. 1."
by EA Wallis Budge, Ernest A. Budge, Page 473}

From the above two very different opions, the authors do agree on the "Birth of the Serpent" aspect of the pictures on the wall. Perhaps they are correct. Many Ancient texts mention the fact that the cosmic energy of the universe is serpentine in nature. Now it can be said that electricity arcs across to points with a serpentine look, an effect that can be observed in lightning, however I believe it to be more fundamental than that. In Hindu traditions the Kundalini is refered to as "Serpent Energy" that coils around the spine and when awakened will give the person powers of consciousness in tune with the Gods. Monks and Priests have been warned to be careful in whom they awaken these powers {More Here on Kundalini}

But what if Stargate SG-1 is right?  Then these "jars" would represent incubation chambers for Goa'uld Larvae. This hypothesis would indeed fit with the mainstream conclusion that the symbols represent the "Birth of the Serpent gods" from the Lotus. The same theme incidently is reflected in India where both the Lotus and the Cobra are a major part of the religious beliefs {See India-Hindu Connection}
Hathor Holding a Goa'uld Larva in SG-1


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Hathor on SG-1
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