The Enigmas on Earth
Impact Craters on Earth
Impact Craters
Russia and Asia

Crater List
 - Bigach - Database
 - Chiyli - Database
 - Shunak - Database
 - Zhamanshin - Database

 - Beyenchime-Salaatin - Database
 - Chukcha - Database
 - El'gygytgyn - Database
 - Gusev - Database
 - Jänisjärvia - Database
 - Chukcha - Database
 - Chukcha - Database
 - Chukcha - Database
 - Chukcha - Database
Tajikistan - Eastern - Database
 - Kara-Kul Impact Structure - Database
 - Xiuyan Crater - Database


 - Dhala Crater - Database
 - Lonar Crater - Database

 - Jebel Waqf as Suwwan - Database

Saudi Arabia
 - Wabar - Database

 - Tabun-Khara-Obo - Database
Visit Also:
Earth Impact Database - The biggest collection of Earth Impact Craters
by the University of New Brunswick, Canada

Visit Also:
Basic Science Studies II: Impact Cratering
by The Remote Sensing Tutorial

Jänisjärvia Crater

El'gygytgyn Crater


Aerial Photograph

El'gygytgyn - Crater Lake in Chukotka, Russia, Source:

Lake El'gygytgyn shrouded in legends and superstitions. They say that it lives a huge monster - fish gigantic proportions. From time to time, strange creature impressive size with noise bursts to the surface through the water surface, and then immediately disappears in the deep waters of the lake. The indigenous people prefer to stay away from the lake, believing him dead spot and not wanting to self-fulfilling prophecy for yourself and your family. There is also a belief that once lived on the lake shaman who led a solitary life, and he did not like it when distracted by trivialities. His head was made of ice, and he does not like it when strangers came to him, and angry, he could send down a terrible deadly diseases to worry him.

Repeated loss of people go fishing on the lake, confirm the fears of the residents of nearby settlements incomprehensible devilry associated with this place.

Scientists first came to the lake El'gygytgyn at the beginning of the XX century, described him as a strange, eerie place, and at night it is especially terrible, even shiver sneaks from the oppressive state stay near it. But this fact does not interfere with scientific expeditions to study this pond for several decades. Answers to many questions have already been received, but most of them, at the moment, and have remained a mystery.



Submitted by Karl Wegmann

Wabar Crater

Photograph by Jeff Wynn

Photo of the remaining rim of the largest crater.
The crater was 12.5 meters deep in 1932, 8 meters deep in 1965,
and a bit over 2 meters deep in 1994 (this photo). Courtesy Jeff Wynn

Expedition tracks made during the three expeditions undertaken to map the Wabar meteorite impact site.
Courtesy Jeff Wynn

Photo shows what happened to ~99.99% of the incoming bolide: It was uniformly mixed to generate the ubiquitous "Wabar Glass",
which is uniformly 90% local sand and 10% nickle-iron asteroid. Courtesy Jeff Wynn

This is a photo of the largest surviving fragment of the Wabar bolide (Gene Shoemaker in the background),
recovered in 1965. Courtesy Jeff Wynn

Photograph of Jeff Wynn conducting a high-resolution magnetic survey with a cesium-vapor magnetometer. 
Courtesy Jeff Wynn

Results of a magnetic survey conducted over 5 days at the Wabar meteorite impact site.
Courtesy Jeff Wynn

Bigach Crater

Shunak Crater

Zhamanshin Crater

Landsat - NASA
Kara-Kul Impact Structure
Eastern Tajikistan


Near the center of this scene is the mountain lake Kara-Kul, located in eastern Tajikistan, high in the Pamir mountain range near the Afghan border. The 25-kilometer (16 mi) diameter lake sits at an elevation of 6000 meters (20,000 ft) above sea level. Kara-Kul was formed from a meterorite impact approximately 25 million years ago, leaving a crater with a rim diameter of 45 kilometers (28 mi). Islands formed from the central uplift can be seen in the northern and southern parts of the lake. Interestingly, the Kara-Kul impact structure remained unidentified until it was discovered though studies of imagery taken from space.

Courtesy: NASA

Lonar Crater

 Photo courtesy of Shawn Wright, Arizona State University
Panorama of Lonar shows the obvious crater shape and the central lake. This impact structure is formed in basalt.

Photo taken by Henry Hall in 1979

Ground panorama submitted by Tiku Ravat,
Southern Illinois University at Carbondale

Image submitted by Mahesh Chengalva

Ground view

Dhala Crater

FAIR USE NOTICE: This page contains copyrighted material the use of which has not been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. Pegasus Research Consortium distributes this material without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. We believe this constitutes a fair use of any such copyrighted material as provided for in 17 U.S.C § 107. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
~ MENU ~


Webpages  © 2001-2015
Blue Knight Productions